King Philip’s War (1675-1676): A year-long military conflict between English settlers, their Indigenous allies and a confederation of Indigenous soldiers allied under Wampanoag sachem Metacom (a.k.a King Phillip). One of the bloodiest wars per capita fought on what is now U.S. soil, King Philip’s War resulted in the increased enslavement, and land loss of Indigenous Peoples throughout New England.
Land deeds: Legal agreements between Indigenous Peoples and English settlers in New England regarding the buying, selling, and use of parcels of land. Land deeds needed to be approved by the General Court of Massachusetts.
Massachusett: An Indigenous nation that traditionally inhabited territory from the present-day city of Boston down to Plymouth County. Their land included what is now Dedham. For more about contemporary Massachusett life and culture: http://massachusetttribe.org/
Punkapoag: Originally a Massachusett winter community that stretched from what is now Dedham to Canton. In 1657, it was reduced to a 6,000-acre mission or “Praying Town.” Many of the residents of Punkapoag held Indian title to land that became part of Dedham.
Indian Title: A term in the English legal system that acknowledged that Indigenous Peoples had the right to occupy land. It reflected Indigenous land inheritance practices.